What Are Pipeline Waterworks?Lowell Corporation
Water is possibly the world’s most valuable resource. However, transporting it to every home and business in the country requires a complex system of pipeline waterworks.
So how do these pipelines actually work? The complexity may surprise you. Keep reading to find out!
Pipeline waterworks are simply water distribution pipes. Networks vary in size as pipes move between treatment centers and their final destination. While there is plenty of variation in style and composition, pipeline waterworks all do the same job: transport water.
This article will go into detail about pipeline waterworks, including covering waterworks tools for construction and maintenance.
Pipeline Waterworks Are Essential Infrastructure
Waterworks are essentially any pipeline involved in the management and treatment of water. They’ve existed since before the Ancient Roman period, during which time the main material of choice was lead!
Luckily, we’ve moved away from using a toxic material for our water distribution networks and instead favor safe, corrosion-resistant options.
The water is either treated at the distribution point or earlier at a treatment center in a water network. Treatment centers make more sense for larger networks, allowing for more efficient, uniform water treatment.
Pipes in a network vary massively in size. For example, you can expect pipes that measure around 10ft in diameter closer to distribution centers. In contrast, at the point of use, they usually measure an inch or so in diameter.
Fitting pipes involves a range of pipeline tools, which vary depending on the type of pipe you’re fitting. Generally, engineers will use a valve wheel wrench or socket wrench set when fitting pipes. Of course, this is much easier in homes where the pipes are smaller and more accessible.
The materials used in pipeline waterworks vary across the network. However, you can divide these into three main categories: metal, plastic, and concrete. Here’s a more detailed breakdown of the types of pipe.
Metal pipes are more suitable for networks that involve high pressure, as they’re more resistant to breakage. In older homes, copper piping was common, but this has been phased out and replaced with PVC piping.
Steel is the most expensive material used for pipeline waterworks. But, it’s durable and can tolerate very high water pressure. In addition, while more expensive, steel pipes come in longer lengths, meaning installation is quicker. Considering pipeline tools can be expensive in large networks, this helps to keep the cost down.
Galvanized steel or iron used to be popular for transporting drinking water but are now steadily phasing out. However, galvanized pipes are still used for transporting wastewater, as this doesn’t require the same health considerations. However, galvanized pipes are prone to rust in areas with slow-moving water.
Copper is a common material in pipeline waterworks, particularly in homes and businesses. It’s a renewable material but has high installation costs. However, its durability compensates for this. Copper shouldn’t be used in areas with high acidity, as this can cause copper to leach into the water.
While cast iron is suitable for high water pressure, its weight makes it difficult to transport and install. Also, cast iron is prone to rust, making it difficult to take pipe networks apart using tools like a socket wrench set.
Concrete is water-resistant, making it suitable for transporting high volumes of water. Generally, it’s reserved for wastewater and surface water drainage solutions, as it’s difficult to maintain water quality in a concrete pipe.
Within this bracket, we also include asbestos cement. But, of course, this isn’t a common material anymore because of the major health dangers of asbestos fibers.
Concrete is expensive to transport and install due to its weight. Also, you can’t use standard pipeline tools that you’d use on metal or plastic.
Plastic pipes usually contain PVC, which is an inexpensive and non-corrosive material. It’s also easy to install and so is a popular choice in many situations.
PVC becomes brittle when exposed to UV light, limiting its application above ground. Also, it’s prone to damage, further limiting its use. PVC is common for short wastewater pipes but less so for drinking water.
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Installing Pipeline Waterworks
Installing or replacing pipeline waterworks at a water treatment plant is a job best left for a professional. A minor leak can damage infrastructure, and we won’t even get started on the labor involved in laying the pipes.
Here’s a quick breakdown of the labor that goes into setting up this vital resource:
1. Know what pipes you need
Around the worksite, you’ll likely either use copper or PVC. Copper is for drinking water; PVC is for wastewater.
Start by deciding what kind of pipe you need and measuring the amount needed for the job.
2. Turn off the water main
There are various types of water main valves. You might need a valve wheel wrench to turn it off, making the turning action much easier.
Be sure to check the type of valve you have and get the right tools before you jump into the job.
3. Gather your waterworks tools
4. Lay the new pipes
The easiest way to lay new pipes in a facility is along walls or under a suspended floor. These are by far the least invasive options, as they save you from having to do major reconstruction work.
If running along the walls, you can get plastic ducting to cover them.
5. Dry fit the pipes
As you run the pipes, you’ll want to make sure everything is sealed and watertight. To do this, you need to solder the joints, known as “sweating.”
The process of dry fitting allows you to check all your measurements before you start attaching parts. Then, finally, turn the water back on, gather up your pipeline tools, and your project is complete!
For more information about the Lowell pipeline wrench sets, call (800) 456-9355 or email email@example.com. You can also connect with us on Facebook for exciting updates on future products.
The Most Trusted Tools for Pipeline Waterworks
Lowell Corporation offers the best hand tools in the industry. Whether you need a strap wrench or a socket wrench set, you’ll want the right balance between cost and efficiency. Our custom hand tools make tough jobs easier with waterworks engineers and lineman tools. We’ve been increasing productivity in construction, maintenance, and manufacturing operations since 1869. So let our waterworks and lineman wrench technology simplify your workload. With our essential industrial/OEM parts, you get the backing of the most trusted name in the hand tool industry.
Above all, Lowell Corporation is proud to manufacture all of its lineman tools right here in the U.S.A. in the heart of New England. All Lowell wrenches are 100% guaranteed with our one-year manufacturer warranty against defects in material and craft for one year from the date of delivery.